Ancient Hebrew Cosmology | Michæl Paukner

The Ancient Hebrew Conception of the Universe (To Illustrate the Account of Creation and the Flood)

A firm bowl (the firmament) keeps the upper waters back but has gates to let the rain and snow through. The Sun, Moon, and stars move in fixed tracks along the underside of this bowl. From below the disc, the waters break through as wells, rivers and the ocean, but the Earth stands firm on pillars sunk into the waters like the pillings (sic) of a pier. Deep below the Earth is Sheol, the abode of the dead, which can be entered only through the grave.

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